DEVIKA GHARTI MAGAR
COLLISION COURSE: Eight people were killed when this speeding van collided with a school bus in Dang on Wednesday, the latest fatal accident on Nepal’s deadly highways.
Recent news items about the Indian blockade of Nepal have reported on the fatalities caused by the shortage of medicines. However, the fuel shortage has actually saved many lives because there are fewer vehicles on the highways.
Latest statistics from the Traffic Directorate of the Nepal Police and the Metropolitan Traffic Police Department (MTPD) in Kathmandu show a dramatic drop in the number of highway fatalities and traffic accidents since August.
“One of the reasons the number of accidents decreased is because there were simply fewer vehicles on the road,” Posh Raj Pokharel of the MTPD confirmed to Nepali Times.
In fact, there seems to be a clear correlation between the number of accidents in Kathmandu Valley and the number of diesel and petrol tankers entering the city. The average number of accidents in the capital in July-August was 495, but this had plummeted by half to 253 in October-November.
There is a similar drop in highway accidents nationwide as well. From 817 road traffic accidents in July-August, the total dropped to 617 in September-October.
Despite the drop, however, police records show an increase in the number of people falling off vehicles and roofs of buses because of overcrowding.
The tragic death of 36 passengers in an overcrowded bus in Rasuwa highlighted the fact that people have been forced to get on the fewer numbers of public buses that are plying because of the fuel shortage.
At the peak of the fuel crisis from mid-September to mid-November only about 10 per cent of the urban and intra-city public transportation system was functional. Traffic police relaxed the rules on travelling on roofs of buses and more than two people on motorcycles because there was so much demand.
Police have also been unable to stop crowded buses from the Tarai carrying plastic jerry cans of black-market diesel and petrol and LPG cylinders on their roofs. Eight people were burnt to death when a bus caught fire in Banke on October after going off the highway and striking a tree. Most of the 33 passengers in the bus were carrying petrol. Passenger buses have been turned into petroleum tankers, and police admit that this is a disaster waiting to happen.
Now that petroleum supply has eased somewhat, and traffic is back to 75 per cent of normal levels, the number of accidents in Kathmandu Valley is rising again. MTPD has also started enforcing rules on more than two persons on motorcycles and rooftop travel.
“Before the fuel crisis, we were seeing 15 accidents a day in Kathmandu, but this went down by half when the crisis was at its worst. Now the number of accidents is going up again,” says Pokharel.
He adds: “The only way we can really bring down the numbers is if everyone including pedestrians, passengers and bus drivers and operators follow traffic rules.”
Road kill, Surendra Phuyal
Highways of death , Sunir Pandey
Nepal's highways of death, Sunir Pandey
6 years of road traffic accidents, Sunir Pandey
Road kill, Duncan Maru