Mt Everest is officially still open, but functionally closed due to factors, only one of which is the mountain
PICS: ANG JANGBU, IMG
WINTER ISLAND: A few tents remained on Monday (right) at the normally crowded Everest Base Camp. The same place earlier in the day before the tents were dismantled by expeditions leaving the mountain.
Climbing for the 2014 Mt Everest spring season
now seems to be over. The final decision was due to a combination of factors that led to large commercial expeditions and their hired high altitude workers leaving Everest Base Camp last week after the devastating avalanche on 18 April that killed 16 climbers on the Khumbu Icefall
Mountaineer Alan Arnette tracks activity on Everest, and in a blog declared the mountain ‘functionally closed’ for the season. As of Monday morning, all large expeditions on the southern Nepali side of the mountains have abandoned their climbs.
Arnette reports that three teams are rumored to still be at Base Camp including a Russian, Chinese and American science team. Science team member John All said in a post Wednesday that the non-profit team would collect data on Himlung, a 7200m peak on the border of Nepal and Tibet, rather than 8848m Mount Everest. At least 10 expeditions from the northern Chinese side are currently in the acclimatising phase and are proceeding as planned.
Large expeditions were allowed by the government to collaborate in chartering helicopters to retrieve supplies already stored at Camps 1 and 2. Supplies are being allowed to be stored under locked mesh coverings on the Western Cwm until the next season.
As the majority of climbers from large expeditions return to Kathmandu via Lukla, more detailed accounts of their experiences following the 18 April tragedy have started being posted on the Internet. There is talk of a small group of Nepalis who are bullying and harassing those who still wanted to climb the mountain.
The Nepal government, for its part, says the mountain is still open. It has said climbing will not be refunded, but an official told expeditions at Base Camp last week that their season’s permits will be valid for the next five years. It is unclear whether this applies to individual climbers, or only to the teams as constituted in spring 2014.
Large commercial expeditions, like Himalayan Experience and Asian Trekking, employ most of the Nepali high altitude workers who do most of the rope fixing, ladder setting and ferrying loads to higher camps.
A commercial expedition cannot get through the Khumbu Icefall, and eventually to the Summit, without the help of high altitude workers. Smaller groups could still go, but without fixed ropes and ladders, they will find it much more difficult and costly. The cost of negotiating the Icefall is usually shared by all expeditions.
Nepali workers at Base Camp, most of them Sherpas, felt the avalanche was a bad omen and decided not to climb the mountain out of respect for their friends and family who are dead or missing. However, as anger rose at Base Camp, some younger Nepali staff of various expeditions ratcheted up their agenda and issued a 13-point list of demands that included higher compensation and political demands of representation in parliament in Kathmandu.
Senior Editor at Outside Magazine Grayson Shaffer quoted Base Camp sources to say that the group had threatened anyone still wishing to climb. The mindset to call it quits for the season is not shared by everyone, but the threats and intimidation became too dangerous to ignore.
Others such as British guide Tim Mosedale and John All overtly tied the threats to Maoists who have hijacked the tragedy for their political agenda.
For Western clients and Nepali high altitude workers, the decision was not an easy one explained Nepali Sumit Joshi, Himalayan Ascent’s founder. “Emotionally, mountain workers were being pulled from all angles to make a choice: respect for the dead, alliance to the better rights cause, company loyalty, government and association pressure to continue, family pressure and their own safety” he said in a blog post.
The last straw for those still at Base Camp was a series of smaller avalanches that dropped on the same section of the Khumbu Icefall that was hit on 18 April.
Rainier Mountaineering Inc (RMI) guide and 15-time Everest summiteer Dave Hahn summed it up in a blog: “For now, suffice to say that the risks outweigh the possibility of success.”
Dangerous business EDITORIAL
Taking chances on Chomolunga DAVID DURKAN
A dangerous place to work JON GANGDAL
Working in high places AYESHA SHAKYA
Extreme Everest MATT MILLER & BHRIKUTI RAI
"Ï still call him everyday"