As the waters of last month’s devastating floods recede, bodies of the missing are starting to appear. Guddu Kumar Singh, 12, was washed away on 13 August, and his body was found in Sirisiya near the Indian border. His mother is so traumatised she has been hospitalised, and his father is looking after her. Guddu’s grandfather, Mahendra Singh, is alone at their flood-ravaged home with just the boy’s photo as a memory (above).
Singh blames the 10m-high levee on the Indian side of the border for the rising waters that killed his grandson and dozens of others here. “We never had to worry about floods before India built that embankment on No Man’s Land,” he says bitterly.
When it rained heavily for four consecutive days starting 11 August, much of Nepal’s southern plains were inundated with water that flowed out through breached embankments on Tarai rivers. The exits to the flood waters were then blocked by east-west levees built across the border in India.
Flood and food,Sunir Pandey
Border Wall, Kanak Mani Dixit
In Rautahat, over 70% of the land was under water for days. In Saptari, four people were killed and nearly 35,000 families displaced. In both districts there are many embankments, elevated roads, dams and other infrastructure restraining the water flow.
Damage was relatively less in Siraha, with no deaths and only about 1,800 families affected. Locals say this is because they didn’t allow the Indian side to build a levee. “Our struggle paid off this time,” says Raj Dev Yadav, who staged a sit-in against construction of a levee in a village across the border in 2012.
Flood survivors are angry at India for causing the floods, but angrier at their own leaders for indifference. In Saptari, 62-year-old Kisun Dev Raya asks: “Where are the Madhesi leaders? They used to claim to represent us.”
With elections for Province 2 due in two weeks, Madhesi leaders in turn blame Kathmandu for doing nothing. Abhi Ram Sharma of the RJPN in Mahottari, says: “We want the government to form a reconstruction authority, just like after the earthquake. We cannot help people on our own: this is not our job.”
In New Delhi last week, Prime Minister Deuba discussed with Indian Prime Minister Modi measures to tackle recurring floods. But the locals believe it was just “empty talk”. Deuba was also meeting Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 27 August while the Indian side was rebuilding the embankment that inundated Rautahat.
Flood relief is better organised in areas with new elected local governments. Speedy relief distribution is also the main issue in local elections due here on 18 September. But most voters are not optimistic. They feel all parties do the same: make empty promises about flood relief.