PICS: SONAM TASHI LAMA
RED ALL OVER: This red panda in Ilam district is part of a clan protected by a local community forestry group.
Despite being regarded as sign of good luck and having a cuddly appearance, the red panda is facing an existential threat. Worried about their dwindling numbers, an international effort has been successful in mobilising local communities in eastern Nepal to save the species.
Known as habre in Nepali and punde kundo in the local dialect here in the mountains near Kangchenjunga, this is a carnivore-turned-herbivore that, like its distant cousin the giant panda, survives mainly on a diet of bamboo.
The shy animal lives on the canopy of broadleaf and mixed temperate forests from central Nepal right up to Sichuan, and is an excellent tree-climber. Habitat destruction and hunting has reduced its numbers to 10,000 individuals in the wild, and in Nepal there may be only up to 1,000 red pandas spread across 36 mountain districts. There is said to be another 800 in zoos around the world.
The red panda is listed under Appendix I of CITES, the Vulnerable Category in the IUCN Red List and categorised as a protected mammal by the National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973 of Nepal which prohibits its killing or capture dead or alive. Yet, last year alone 11 red panda hides were confiscated in Nepal.
While red panda inside national parks are protected, now communities in Nepal’s eastern districts of Panchthar, Ilam and Taplejung which are not part of any nature reserves, and home to one-fourth of the total red panda population in Nepal, are working to protect the species from poachers and habitat loss.
Red panda at its defecation site. The animals are very hygenic and use the same neighbourhood toilet.
The Community Based Red Panda Monitoring and Conservation under the Red Panda Network (RPN)
has been working since 2007 to mobilise local awareness and action to protect the endagered animals through habitat management, awareness building and sustainable livelihoods.
A lot of the credit for red panda research goes to pioneer conservationist Pralad Yonzon, who did his PhD on the red panda in Langtang National Park. His organisation, Resource Himalaya, worked on the conservation of the animal’s habitat, but Yonzon died tragically in 2011 when a truck hit his bicycle in Kathmandu.
Local people trained as Forest Guardians act as conservation ambassadors in their community, and protecting the red panda habitat means saving other species as well. This unique community based initiative is being instutionalised within Nepal’s successful Conmmunity Forest User Groups.
In Jamuna VDC of northern Ilam, local women are at the forefront of conserving the red panda in the Choyatar Forest which had been decimated by grazing and logging.
The red panda range stretches across from Nepal to Sichuan in southern China.
Their work has already yielded results: the number of tourists visiting the area has increased in direct proportion to the rebound in the population of panda. Red panda watching has now become a major source of
tourism revenue, and homestays have taken off.
Besides Ilam, the red panda is also found in conservation areas and national parks in Langtang, Sagarmatha, Annapurna and Rara. This year, Nepal celebrates Red Panda Day on 20 September with the slogan Conserving Locally, Educating Globally.
||Sonam Tashi Lama is Conservation Coordinator at the Red Panda Network
Conflict vs conservation, Sophia Tamot
Back to the jungle, Nirmal Ghosh
Conservation matters, Hum Gurung