The UML split into the UML and the ML almost four years ago. Now efforts are being made to re-unite the two parties, but the last round of talks between them has failed. This shows that the faction led by Bam Dev Gautam, which is in favour of uniting, is weak. All this supports the theory that the ML was never for uniting the various communist factions. After Bam Dev publicly showed an interest in returning to the UML, the UML put forward the idea of having a dialogue to start the process. But the conditions put forward by the ML for re-unification clearly show that it is not interested in doing so, and that the faction that is interested in uniting does not have a majority in the party. The UML has nothing to lose and it is a bit worried that there could be trouble if they accept people who do not agree with the party's philosophy as spelt out in its sixth convention. Still, the UML is prepared to accept all comrades who are willing to publicly accept that decisions they took in the past were wrong.
The ML was quite active for some time after breaking away from the UML, mainly because it had the backing of the Congress. But in the last general elections, they were decimated. Today, it is not even capable of holding its convention. ML leaders stay in Kathmandu and have no idea where their district level followers are. Most of the local ML workers have returned to the UML fold. These cadres have realised their mistakes. Even the leaders who were active in splitting the party have publicly accepted that their decision was wrong, and many have re-joined the UML.
.This breakaway faction did not get the 40 percent seats it wanted in the Central Committee earlier, which was reason it headed its own way. Now ML wants a 50 percent share in the Central Committee.