Nepal's peace process has become like a boat stuck in the middle with those meant to move it forward engaged in a fight. The process has not been able to move ahead according to its spirit, the understandings reached, a code of conduct, the Interim Constitution, and the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA). Rather, it is oriented towards power, factionalism, and disruption. It has failed to recognise the people's aspiration for lasting peace, democracy, and progress.
Who is responsible for the current political stalemate?
Although the fight over the post of the prime minister and power sharing seems to be the most important, the actual reason is the lack of understanding between the political parties, as well as external factors. The broken understanding of the political parties is responsible for their competition for political gain. Another reason is the lack of a mechanism to implement the CPA according to its true spirit, capable leadership, and a government for the transitional period.
One of the partners of the peace process has been blaming India.
Ever since the 12-point agreement, India has played a role to bring the Maoists into peaceful and constitutional politics, and even supported them in forming a government. The Maoists show high respect for India whenever they get support but they blame it on India whenever it does not favour them. The Maoist anti-India campaign has exhibited the most unprincipled opportunism.
Have the increasing security concerns of India added to the problem?
Indian security concerns over Nepal are natural. Nepal-India relations are guided by the 1990 treaty. Nepal should accept this fact without hesitation. Nepal should ensure Indian security concerns, if we expect the same from India. Nepal should not lean heavily on China or encourage it at the cost of goodwill between Nepal and India.