People will only feel we have truly entered a new era if the CA looks to the people's participation, and the state functions in a transparent and responsible way. The representatives of the people must be able to work freely if Nepalis are to be proud of them.
The decision on the monarchy is the first step in creating a republic. The election of a president is the primary responsibility of the new government, and the CA should start procedures for the presidential election.
Although the CA has amended the interim constitution at its first meeting, it still needs to make a new constitution within two years. The republic is a start in providing the people with a new constitution, but we still need to decide on the reconstitution of the state through federalism. To introduce Nepal into the competitive modern world in a short span of two years, the CA has to handle its duties with responsibility and skill.
There should be an agreement on the distribution of power between the head of state, prime minister and chairman of the parliament. Regardless of the differences in principles and opinions, all political parties need to participate in discussions to deliver their responsibility towards the people. After many ups and downs on the road to republicanism at the end of the peace process, the parties need to continue this understanding to finalise the constitution and pave the way for eventual general elections.
Although the first CA meeting passed the proposal for a republic with an overwhelming majority, some CA members have raised eyebrows at the parties' hasty and secret agreements, and are worried about religious tolerance, national unity and nationality. It is right that such questions should be raised within the assembly, and important that these questions are answered.
As the head of the state will be constitutional, the assembly now needs to choose a respected and knowledgeable national personality. The presidency may make use of Narayanhiti, which has now been declared a museum.