Nepali Times
Plain Speaking
Twin crises



The Nepali state faces twin crises â�" a failure to elect a new prime minister for the past two months, and a failure to elect new local bodies for the past eight years.

But a caveat is essential at the outset. There is resilience and robustness in the political system in Nepal that is often underestimated. This is because the purpose of the state structure is not to fulfil welfare functions, but to survive â�" first by fighting and then co-opting assertive social forces, and tying them into existing patronage networks. Despite the vacuum that we witness at present, Nepal is not about to become a failed state.

But the absence of a strong, functional, legitimate government at the centre is of course a problem. A full budget has not been presented yet and its impact can be felt across government offices, and in general and development expenditure. Policy decisions are left pending, files remain unsigned, and bureaucrats prefer to play it safe till the next political boss has taken office. For a donor footing the bill with little tangible outcome, an MP waiting to get funds for an already sanctioned road, a CDO who has referred a case to the Home Ministry, or a normal citizen in queue for paperwork, there is frustration all around at how routine administrative work is stuck.

The fact that government formation is so inextricably linked to the peace process and constitution writing makes the task even more urgent. Timelines have already been missed. Little homework has been done to reconcile the core ideological divergence on contentious issues. Non-Maoist parties will not accept a statute as long as the PLA is in the cantonments, and the Maoists will not move on integration till they get a stake in the government and guarantees on the constitution.

Couple this with the fact that the process will take far longer than people think and the 60-week timeline of UNMIN could well be a conservative estimate. Just a reminder â�" registration and verification of combatants took almost the whole of 2007. Given these trends, we can almost certainly say that there will be no constitution by the new deadline. The present political jostling is to be in an advantageous position on May 29, 2011.

Add to this the other, almost invisible, crisis â�" the absence of legitimately elected local bodies. Depending on their strength in their respective areas, parties have constituted joint committees at the district and village level. They sometimes work far more harmoniously locally than at the top. Read: the parties share the loot more peacefully on local tenders, contracts, and funds for school management committees and various user groups.

But there are several problems with such an arrangement. It just does not have the legitimacy that elected representatives possess, thus restricting decision-making abilities and leading to questions about expenditure, and eroding the credibility of the process. In areas where the balance of power among parties is not defined, or where newer groups fall outside the committees, conflict sharpens and often takes a violent turn; many killings and abductions in the Tarai are to do with the sharing of local budgets. Local leaders often complain about these issues to the top brass in Kathmandu, which only adds to the inter-party trust deficit. The bureaucrats at the VDC and district level skim off money, but often have to pay the price in terms of personal insecurity, which explains their exodus to district headquarters or the capital. There is little accountability and instead of reform, the rot in the system deepens.

And there is no prospect of elections at the local level in the near future. Do you wait for the new constitution to ascertain the governance system first? Even after that, do you first have general elections, provincial elections, and only then local level polls? This could well be another five years down the line, in the highly unlikely event that there is a constitution on time. Is it possible then to hold elections under the old model immediately? But will parties agree to it, especially those who have little confidence about their popular strength at the grassroots and fear a rout? Or are they more comfortable with what is an arbitrary, almost illegitimate, manner of deciding local political outcomes?
The only reason why the state continues to thrive despite these multiple crises is because a large section of Nepali citizens have seceded from it and have little expectations. But for their long-term survival, the present political leadership would do well to think beyond Baluwatar.

The winner can't take all, PUBLISHER'S NOTE
The urban bias, CK LAL
Nein Kampf, INDU NEPAL

1. who cares

"... the Maoists will not move on integration till they get a stake in the government and guarantees on the constitution."

and you are an analyst and a columnist...

is it that you can not analyze or see or its just that you have a habit of forgetting the incidents before the last incidents?

how anyone living in nepal can forget that the previous govt. before this govt. was ran by maoist, and they ignored constitution drafting, peace process, development, security etc...

by the way, how much NT pay to columnist, do i have a chance to publish my ideas, analysis under "who cares", if i get a chance, i promise to try to use descent language, work on background, ..... but the condition is i should get at least 25k per column if you want professional ideas... i can write on almost all subjects from politics to social, science to art, business to development. ..... even though i am not expert, but am sure expert will think 100 times before rejecting my ideas, but i am sure many idiots will be criticize my ideas.

its time for nepali press to filter columnist. replace columnist with hot pictures.

2. Samjhana Poudyal

Good write-up Prashant Jha. Just one problem I had wiht it. You say ' Despite the vacuum that we witness at present, Nepal is not about to become a failed state'. Then go on to give quiet a few inidcators of a failing state if not a filed state:no central governent or a regional or a local governement  and no ability to form one via elections. The inter (and intra) trust decifit (at all levels not only local), the delay in the peace process and constitution writing. This is just  NT issue 516. If we start with your write up form the bgining of the year.....I wonder how many indicators we can pick.

But yes, we all do have to be positive, and dream for a better future even though the recent past does not show us the way ..............

3. sushil
"many killings and abductions in the Tarai are to do with the sharing of local budgets."  Oh, really?  Can't believe that a columnist in NT is saying this... (You should  look into it to see if it has anything to do with political vacuum, lawlessness,  ethnic cleansing by pushing the Pahares out of deep Terai, armed gangs terrors, Bihari politics, cross-border Bihari criminal activities... and most part Madhesi leaders looking the other way or in some cases even providing patronage to these criminals.) 

4. Arthur
"But will parties agree to it, [local elections] especially those who have little confidence about their popular strength at the grassroots and fear a rout? Or are they more comfortable with what is an arbitrary, almost illegitimate, manner of deciding local political outcomes?"

The rhetorical question is good and the answer is obvious. Congress and UMLs are naturally "more comfortable" without elections, since they cannot win.

I wonder how long they will be able to keep obstructing before people start holding elections anyway?

5. Anish
But for their long-term survival, the present political leadership would do well to think beyond Baluwatar.

What will happen if they wont? Their horizons have not extended beyond Baluwatar for about 30 years now and it has worked out fine for them until now. Come on Prashant, complete the article. Don't leave us hanging.

6. Loud thinking
How about thinking totally out of box? For instance, let there be President's Rule who will oversee gen administration and day to day running of the country for six months (to a year max). The President will call upon the parities (key parties with over certain % votes in the national election or some kind of geographic/ethnic representation) to sit down and draw the constitution within the next six months... consensue could be build that there will be no elected govt. without the completion of the Constitution... power hungry and greedy politician will then have incentive to complet the work at hand so that they can have an election as soon as the Constitution is done... the fuss about the PM or a particular party to be in power can be avoided and real work can start... just a thought!!!

7. Daniel Gajaraj
#3  Arthur
Since when you have become an astrologer?

If there will be a fair and free election right now things can be different.Yes.

People have lost their faith with the present parties and their leadership in particular. We know, these are the rogues , but we have to put up with them till some time.

Start with local body election first. 

Problem lies in making it fair and free; certification in a Jimmy Carter Style is not going to cut any ice to us. These are the Grey Eminences of the
Western Media  meant for their consumption only.
Constitution making is a delicate job with partisan groups , misinfomed youths and communal excitement. It has to be taken up with coolhead and with wisdom,  with long term vision ,and caring and sharing spirits.
Dr.Ambedkar said on November,1949,"I feel, however  good a  constitution may be,it is sure to turn out bad because those who are called ton work it,happen to be a bad lot.Hoever bad  a constitution may be,it may turn out to be good if those who are called to work it, happen to be  good lot. The working of a constitution does not depend  wholly upon  the nature of the constitution.'
Dr. Rajendra Prashad in his concluding speech  after the drafting also said,"If the people who are elected are capable and men of character  and integrity, they would be able to make the best even of a defective constitution. If they are lacking in these, the constitution cannot help the country. After all, a constitution like a machine is a lifeless thing .It acquires because of men who control it and operate it and India needs today nothing more than a set of honest men who will have the interest of the country before them.There is a fissiparous tendency arising out of various element in our life. We have communal differences,caste differences,language differences,and so forth.It requires men of strong character , men of vision,men who will not sacrifice the interest of the country at large for the sake of smaller groups and areas and who will rise over the prejudices which are born of these differences.We can only hope that the country will throw up such men in abundance."
The condition in India during 1949 compares with our situation while drafting a stable constitution.

8. Slarti

�There is resilience and robustness in the political system in Nepal that is often underestimated.�

No, the resilience and robustness of the Nepali (the hindu-Buddhist) society  is what is underestimated. Any other society would have been at war with itself had it been through this much turmoil.

The extraordinary foolishness displayed by the political class and its cohorts in the journalism world is shocking.

These two do not represent this society, this country, its history or its aspirations.

�This is because the purpose of the state structure is not to fulfil welfare functions, but to survive �" first by fighting and then co-opting assertive social forces, and tying them into existing patronage networks.�

Only a fool devoid of a sense of reality would reach that conclusion.

The purpose of this state or any other is never to provide welfare, it is to enable the functioning of the society, to provide protection and a peaceful environment where people would have a chance to live what is called life, something totally unknown to communists who devote theirs to death and murder.

Communists have thrived on this kind of faux intellectualism throughout history. Only an unrelenting and unforgiving assault on this cult of murderers will deliver the country from its misery. 

I hope to get time to write more about this article.

9. Slarti
This is because the purpose of the state structure is not to fulfil welfare functions, but to survive �" first by fighting and then co-opting assertive social forces, and tying them into existing patronage networks.

Providing welfare is the secondary function of the state and that too should primarily be a function of the first. The best healthcare network and the education network provided in Nepal produced some top notch results given the conditions.

The coming of the Maoists and the greed of one single man GPK put an end to all welfare and development programs.

10. Slarti
"Add to this the other, almost invisible, crisis �" the absence of legitimately elected local bodies."

Somebody had figured out the way to sort it out, but communist propaganda and the fraudsters rumor-mill took care of him.

11. Arthur
Daniel Gajaraj #7,

"Constitution making is a delicate job with partisan groups , misinfomed youths and communal excitement. It has to be taken up with coolhead and with wisdom,  with long term vision ,and caring and sharing spirits."

The problem that anti-Maoists commenting in Nepal Times face is that the Maoists won the election and emerged as the largest party. To you this creates the "delicate job" of preventing a Constituent Assembly with 40% Maoists from adopting a constitution acceptable to the poor majority in Nepal who are of course "misguided youths" vulnerable to "partisan groups" and "communal excitement".

In order for the wise and cool heads of the old order whose "wisdom" reduced Nepal to a basket case to prevail you need to get rid of democracy. Hence the calls for "presidential" (ie military) rule (eg #6 and Slarti's endless wailing for the King).

Problem is you know its futile. Too many people have woken up in Nepal. All you can do is delay the inevitable. You can never make the majority submit again. You are just talking among yourselves in a language not spoken by most Nepalese. Naturally the poor majority are not listening to you and will therefore remain "misinformed".

12. Slarti, Wailing for the Monarchy
#7, that is a very insightful comment, but as you are very well aware an argument with the communists is an entirely futile exercise. There technique is to chicken out of an argument because they can't stand admitting that not only are they wrong, but also evil.

A kind soul posted an article earlier written in Nagariknews, where the most venerable pandit Baburam Bhattarai starts with some wailing "-वैचारिक राजनीतिक बहसलाई तर्कसंगत ढंगले खण्डन गर्न नसकेपछि कतिपय व्यक्ति गालीगलौजमा उत्रिने गर्छन्।"

(of course without clearly commenting whether a murder campaign initiated in the name of राजनीति is an internal contradiction, गालीगलौज, or plain hypocrisy.)

It is beyond doubt that the present political stalemate is brought about by the party which believed in a murderous ideology, whose application across the globe has shown disastrous results in mostly uniform society's. And to make matters worse, the legitimate claimant of the brand to the North does not follow its prescription.

But, the real question is why is Nepal in such dire straits?

Very strangely the best place to start a search for this answer is the book (based on his Phd thesis) written by BR himself, to which he repeatedly refers in the said article as well. You will know precisely why all communists are evil liars who are on a constant look out for a reason to murder.

Over the past 16 years, the party deliberately destroyed DDC's and VDC's, in case of VDC's a vast majority were doing a very good job. Administrators who worked well were murdered in targeted killing campaigns. Representatives were killed, local leadership was destroyed, history was distorted and now by capturing media through their cohorts they also seek to destroy any pride left in the people of this country.

The list goes on, but the thing about destroying pride and the ability to argue is interesting, here is the pattern

Change the subject
fling some insults
and, act as a victim and 
show hypocritical and hollow concern for everybody who feels like a victim


Slarti, Constant Wailer for the Monarchy

13. Satya Nepali

(I wrote this post for another column, but see that it is relevant in this thread too):

The political parties now have the ability to postpone things and be as irresponsible as they like. This is a result of abolishing the monarchy.

Let me request fellow readers to extend their memories to the pre-2008 period. Even though the monarchy was in a state of suspension during 2006-08, its latent presence got these parties TO ACT. They dilly-dallied even then, but got to a decision at midnight of the deadline day because they were afraid the Monarchy might do something. In other words, the monarchy was a CHECK AND BALANCING FORCE that kept these parties in line.

And that is precisely the reason why these parties wanted to abolish it: so that there would be no "check-and-balancing" force on their power. By abolishing the monarchy, the Nepali people have (inadvertently) given the parties carte blanche to be as IRRESPONSIBLE as they like. We have created a new 'NIRANKUSH' system. There is no 'ankush' on the parties anymore.

The monarchy is an institution that can play this highly important and necessary 'ankushe' or 'check-and-balancing' role in our polity.

Nepalis should learn the right lessons from the experiences of the 50s, the 90s and the current period (2005-10). The Monarchy is a force that can play a useful, constructive, balancing and stabilizing role in our polity! We ignore this lesson at our own peril.

(Good comments by Daniel G and Slarti. Will try to add to these, time-permitting...)

14. daniel Gajaraj
# 11 Arthur

Monarchy is gone case, we have abolished that. Gyanendra was obstinate and his own enemy, unfit king Don't mix up things to confuse people.We all fought against the royalists.and will continue to oppose them again.
Elections are for an assigned period; the last one was for 2 years and all parties have failed the people.  More the party with larger the share; . we the voters are dis appointed, we now realize  voted wrongly.
Nepali people ,the Jan Andolanites wanted a democracy with a constitution befitting a genuine 21st century internationally accepted  form of democracy with social and economic justice to all specially to the deprived  , and not one party authoritarian system to replace the monarchy.  Democracy demands a more civilized manner of fighting.
We know what we want, and none of anyone' s Monkey Tricks.
No use teaching .a  grandmother to suck eggs.

15. Budabaaje
daniel #14, yes, the Nepali people abolished the monarchy. And as Satya Nepali points out above, it is turning out to be a mistake. Wise and sensible people are willing to turn around and correct their mistakes when they realize it. Only fools stubbornly stick to their stupid ways forever.

16. who cares
daniel Gajaraj

i have a respect for those who are nigher maoist nor some agent but are republic.  i think, this is the base for self-respect.  

some idiots supporting maoist, dead royals have been talking nonsense, baseless, lies,,,, as if we have already forgotten the past.

we nepalese are the one who got rid of shah, but its moist who are claiming the bigger credit..... it's well known fact that when nepalese were fighting against shahs, maoist were hiding in the jungle and some were enjoying in delhi....... and by the way, maosit wanted prachanda rule not republic. ...... there is a huge difference in those two.

and since they had less or no hand in kicking out shah, they do not know the taste of the sweat and blood ,,, that is why they are trying to raise the dead royals in the form of religious king or something. 

maoist are so dumb that they have no idea about the ways dictators come into power. that is another reason they are behaving so immaturely,,,, keep on changing decision, policy... ... when they people coming on the street to see gyn bahadur,  maoist make the policy of working closely with others to protect the achievement and two days later when they find no other republicans worried, then they come back to their original position.  

they have a lot to learn about politics.

keep it up.

17. Arthur
Daniel Gajaraj #11, I agree with you that monarchy is dead in Nepal despite the lamentations of Slarti, Satya Nepali, Budabaaje et al. But the authoritarian anti-democratic mindset that thrived under monarchy is still common among rightist and anti-maoists in Nepal. That is why my #11 pointed to the essence of your complaints about "misguided youths" vulnerable to "partisan groups" and "communal excitement" and showed its direct connection with the calls for presidential (ie military) rule and resurrection of the monarchy.

As for elections I basically agree with you (and also therefore with the various monarchists who have also been calling for elections).

The suspicion however is that what you actually want is not free elections but just dissolution of the CA that resulted from free elections, perhaps with fake elections in which "misguided youths" vulnerable to "partisan groups" and "communal excitement" are prevented from "making a mistake" again by cooler and wiser heads such as your own (backed up by the Nepal Army and police). That suspicion arises from the words you used.

That hope strikes me as just as dead as the demands for monarchy which you agree is hopeless.

The Maoists won the last elections because they represent the poor majority and they will win the next elections by a bigger majority because the other parties pretence of supporting a similar agenda for a "New Nepal" has now been thoroughly exposed.

I keep seeing remarks about people who supported the Maoists changing their minds. But they never seem to come from people who can actually say they did vote for the Maoists and have themselves changed, but rather from the same sort of people who were surprised when the Maoists won last time and have shown they had no idea how most voters think.

18. Daniel Gajaraj
Subh-E-AzadiAugust 19470Faiz Ahamad Faiz.
Ye dagh dagh ujala,ye shab-gazida sahar,
Vo intazar tha jis-ka ye vo sahar to nahin,
Ye vo sahartonahin jis-ki arzu lekar
Chale the yarke mil-jaengi kahina kahin,
Falak ke dast mentaro ki akhakheri manzil.,
Kahito hoga shab-e-susta mauj ka  sahil,
Kahito jake rukega safina-e-gam -e dil,
Jawan lahuki pur-asarar sharo se,
Chalo jo yar to  daman pe kitne hath pare
Dyar-e-husna ki  be-sabr  khabgahon se
Pukarati-raghin behen,badan bulate-rahe;
Bahut azizthi lekib ruhah-e-sahar ki lagan,
Bahut karin tha hasina-e nur ka daman,
Subuk subuk yhi tamanna ,dabi dabi tha kan,
Suna hai ho bhi chuka hai firag-e-julmat -o-nur,
So bhi ho bhi chuka hai visal-e-manzil -o-gam,
Nishat-e-vasl halal to azab-e-hijr haram,Jigar ki ag,nazar ki umang,dil ki jalan,
Ki si pe chara-e-hijranka kuch asar hi nahin,
Kahan se ai nigar-e -saba ,kidhar ko gai?
Abi charagh-e-sar-e-rah ko kuch khabar hi nahin,
Kahan se niga-e-saba,kidar ko gai?
Abhi charag-e-sar-e-rah ko kuch khabar hi nahin,
Abhi giran-e-shab menkami nahin ai.
Najat-e-dida =o-dil ghari nahin ai,
(Let us go on,our goal is not reached yet.)

19. Slarti
For a journal that claims a premium value, it is a shame that your analysis is so casual. 

The Nepali state does not suffer from "Twin Crisis", it suffers from one single crisis and it is the crisis of a narrative.

Every country stands for something, its own uniqueness, that the people identify with. Chinese communists hark back to past glory and use an iron hand to push ahead with their agenda. Europeans have their own identity, Americans are the land of the free. Nepal does not stand for anything other than slogans that fools frequently depend on for their own political survival. 

History, Religion, Culture, Family, and Individual are all under a relentless attack by different shades of communists. The terminology utilized and the message implied leave little room to fight back because most people don't understand what is being said.

Furthermore, what politicians and communist columnists talk about is in the realm of such fantasy, there nothing left to do but wonder, " who exactly is buying all of this drivel"? If I can't understand it, who does?

Prashant needed to investigate these facts. His inability to do that is down to his communist thought process. Communists will never be satisfied and they frequently depend on lies and their ability to be tremendously irritating to continue their fight.

Here is something interesting. India is Federal, Democratic, has an extremely vibrant democracy, and rising prosperity and yet its communists are on a murder spree on the one hand and undermine the people simultaneously on the other. This proves that you can't ever satisfy your communists other than by giving them full control, when they will screw you and then blame you for all their failures.

On another matter, I looked at some numbers from the 2001 Census and then tallied those numbers with the results in Kathmandu, and Rolpa. I found shocking anomalies. Look at the margins from districts where the Maoist insurgency was most intense, and where it was not. 

How come someone getting paid to do analysis has not seen those numbers yet? How come these numbers are not tallied against the message being delivered during the elections?

Slarti, Royalist

20. SN

Slarti, agree with you that communists are a problem everywhere. However, I question whether Nepal's main problem are communists. I'm inclined to think that it's actually Republicans, who are at the root of this messy situation we're in.

Republicans are a group of people who really have no ideology, vision, or anything else except that they hate the monarchy. And to make up for this void, they pretend to be the "democrats" of Nepal. But they really do not have real democratic principles or values either. They are quite empty. Except for their bitterness and hatred for the monarchy, they have nothing else to offer, that's it.

It is this group that brought extreme communism into the mainstream in Nepal - through the 12-point agreement, the CPA and so forth. They did it with very little thought. The republicans  didn't have any plan or vision for "New Nepal". They just jumped onto the bandwagon of the Maoists because they realized that it was their best shot of getting rid of the monarchy. It didn't matter that their "unholy alliance" was made in Delhi and that it suited foreign interests more than national ones. It didn't matter that the Maoists were extremists, violent people with very little evidence of commitment to "peaceful", "civilian" politics. They still went ahead and did what they wanted simply to get rid of the monarchy. And now that we have gotten rid of the monarchy, they really don't know which way to lead the country. And hence the Quagmire and the Mess that we are now stuck in.

There was nothing wrong with the 1990 constitution. It was a very good basis for building a strong democracy. The "democrats" themselves helped create it. But what did they ever do to defend it? They were willing to give it up the first chance they got, blaming all its ills on the monarchy. And that, to me, displays their complete hollowness and emptiness. Sadly, "democracy" in Nepal is a term and a system that has been usurped by Republicans, precisely to cover up for their emptiness.

Hollow, empty people without a "positive" basis of motivation cannot and should not become the leaders of any society. Currently the leaders of Nepali society are Republicans, with a "negative" basis of motivation (hatred of monarchy), devoid of any other, clear direction. This is the group that holds the keys and are blocking any resolution. This, to me, is the problem in Nepal.

21. who cares

(Republicans are a group of people who really have no ideology, vision, or

anything else except that they hate the monarchy...)

this is like, just because it does not cost you to speak, you can talk nonsense.

true republicans: those who are republicans, who want rule of law,

development, dignity, self rule ... i wonder how this ideology can be termed as empty. ... ....... may be its is empty for those empty head who think royalty or communism will itself make everything right.

present republicanism is the basis for every good beginning: we needed

republic (which we have now), we have to get rid of commie (which we are

trying), and girija needed to be sidelined (which god presented us as a gift for our honesty, hard work ...).

all ill activities during democracy or republic were already been there during �panchyat or ranas, only good thing there was during panchyat or ranas is �

peace- but the problem was that that peace was of n korean style, where only one side has right for violence and since there were just a few thousand royals then and tens of thousands commie today, this is why there is far more violence today.

let's analyze the universal fact of development:

* there are hard proofs that corrupt democratic govt. had accomplish much more in �development than corrupt tyrant panchyat. ....
- during panchyat there were just a few roads, democratic govt. build many many times more roads, bridges, hospitals and many more, i wonder why and how. ... its not even worth mentioning communication, hydropower.�

* we may say, there should have been far more development, gdp should have been higher since they got 15 yrs.

- actually its true, but, lets compare.with countires like US, india, UK they already had roads, bridges, railway when entered into 90s.�

but our govt. had to focus, spend everything on basic needs. so they had to start from the scratch when we entered into 90s.�

in nepal, we generally compare ourself with s korea in development progress, i wonder if they too had roads, bridges, railway from the beginning. even if they did not, it is easy to build such infrastructure in s korea than in nepal.

skyscrapers in US were there even before most of the nepalese were born.
tell me what were ranas and panchyas doing when they were erecting those buildings.�

so, stop saying that democratic govt. had stopped the flow of development which was started by panchyas, which someone mentioned it before.

about 12pt agreement:

we need to get rid of shahs, girija and maoist for the good start.

and since shahs were far more powerful with deep root in nepali society, so �weaker evil maoist had to be used to kick out shahs. and there is no mistake in there, the major mistake was not implementing 12 point agreement using force. �

and some have been saying that girija sacrificed a lot for peace... those fools are foolish, girija sacrificed NC, nepalese right for justice to make maoist happy so that they would support him in becoming president, keep staying in pm's chair, so that he can make his daughter pm or dpm..... girija never sacrificed anything of himself. so stop talking foolish.

just look at this point which shows that how obvious the royal problems were in nepal: dont you know that maoist took arms and were position to take up arms to fight royals, and public was nothing more than the witness of the war or took it just as a subject for gossip.

and do not forget that its shahs who helped, introduced violent maoist into�
nepali society to destroy democracy. royals supported all those killing so that they�can return to absolute power.�

would maoist had got the reason for violence if royals were not there?

and �that war would have been called war against nepalese. so royals gave maosit the reason for violence.

so dont even dream of putting life into royal ashes.

22. Budabaaje
Who cares, your post (#21) sheds plentiful light on why people like you became the "useful idiots" of the Maoists.

(11 JAN 2013 - 17 JAN 2013)